Descriptive research is defined as a research method that describes the characteristics of the population or phenomenon that is being studied this methodology focuses more on the “what” of the research subject rather than the “why” of the research subject in other words, descriptive . Descriptive research design is a valid method for researching specific subjects and as a precursor to more quantitative studies whilst there are some valid concerns about the statistical validity , as long as the limitations are understood by the researcher, this type of study is an invaluable scientific tool. Typically, in most research conducted on groups of people, you will use both descriptive and inferential statistics to analyse your results and draw conclusions so what are descriptive and inferential statistics. The method of research which concerns itself with the present phenomena in terms of conditions, practices beliefs, processes, relationships or trends invariably is termed as “descriptive survey study”.
Descriptive research is conclusive in nature, as opposed to exploratory this means that descriptive research gathers quantifiable information that can be used for statistical inference on your target audience through data analysis . The quantitative research designs are experimental, correlational, and survey (or descriptive) the dictionary definition of research at wiktionary. Descriptive research is a study designed to depict the participants in an accurate way more simply put, descriptive research is all about describing people who take part in the study. Descriptive research research that provides an accurate portrayal of characteristics of a particular individual, situation, or group these studies are a means of discovering new meaning, describing what exists, determining the frequency with which something occurs, and categorizing information.
Unlike exploratory research, descriptive research is preplanned and structured in design so the information collected can be statistically inferred on a population the main idea behind using this type of research is to better define an opinion, attitude, or behaviour held by a group of people on a given subject. Quantitative research designs are either descriptive [subjects usually measured once] or experimental [subjects measured before and after a treatment] a descriptive study establishes only associations between variables an experimental study establishes causality. Regarding the chapters devoted to descriptive research on linguistic changes (7-15), it is possible to observe that the results are described both qualitatively and quantitatively, in order to achieve substantial accuracy in language change description and also to empower researchers to create new hypotheses about language change. The major difference between exploratory and descriptive research is that exploratory research is one which aims at providing insights into and comprehension of the problem faced by the researcher.
The descriptive research is aimed at the definition of the competitive structure of a market / segment, or the description of the behavior of organizations or groups of consumers. That is, descriptive research is rarely named as the research approach balancing efficacy and effectiveness with philosophy history, and theory-building in occupational therapy education research in this descriptive research , students of the 5th grade of public schools constituted the population of study. Research design: descriptive research helen l dulock, rn, dns journal of pediatric oncology nursing 1993 10 : 4 , 154-157.
Some examples of descriptive research include case studies and preliminary observation of a group case studies are examples of a relevant event that can be analyzed to learn about a specific group or topic observation is an essential part of descriptive research, and is the main way of gathering . Descriptive research explores phenomena in their natural environment without using the scientific method sometimes it is ethically impossible to use the scientific method to determine causal relationships between variables in those cases, the descriptive method in research yields systematic . Descriptive research helps fashion many of the tools with which we do research, such as, instruments for the measurement of many things, instruments that are employed in all types of quantitative research. Descriptive statistics are used to present quantitative descriptions in a manageable form in a research study we may have lots of measures or we may measure a large number of people on any measure. Descriptive research paper aims to explain a person, character, object, emotion or a scene etc in a way that enables the reader to actually experience or sense the depictions described.
Case study research has a long history within the natural sciences, social sciences, and humanities, dating back to the early 1920's at first it was a usefu. Descriptive research encompasses much government spon- sored research including the population census, the collection of a wide range of social indicators and economic information such as household. Descriptive science is a category of science that involves descriptive research that is, observing, recording, describing, and classifying phenomena descriptive research is sometimes contrasted with hypothesis-driven research , which is focused on testing a particular hypothesis by means of experimentation .
Three descriptive research methods essay outline of contents a definition of descriptive research b characteristics of descriptive research c advantages of . Descriptive research, also known as statistical research, describes data and characteristics about the population or phenomenon being studied however, it does not answer questions about eg: how/when/why the characteristics occurred, which is done under analytic research. Freebase (000 / 0 votes) rate this definition: descriptive research descriptive research, is used to describe characteristics of a population or phenomenon being studied it does not answer questions about how/when/why the characteristics occurred. 71 types of descriptive research methods in the present unit, the following descriptive research methods are described in detail: 1 correlational research.